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Replacement Refinement Reduction (Animal) What are the three R's. BPS Guidelines for Psychologists Working with Animals. His friends joke that Randy seems addicted to exercise. Limitations And Benefits Of Psychological Research On Animals: Many people see animal testing as a cruel and inhumane practice. D) apply only to research using monkeys and chimps. Test. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. According to the In Focus box, he is likely suffering from: Claude has suffered many head injuries during his long professional ice hockey career. Which subdivision of the nervous system helped calm down and restore Paul's body functioning back to normal? Microglia are involved in brain development and the communication of information among neurons. For most studies, the informed consent policy is used - when not used, an ethical committee must approve that the deception does not cause harm or distrust of research. The guiding principle of these committees is usually the 3 Rs. Create. Smith, D. (2003, January). Ethical standards for animal research in psychology: A. are identical to the standards for research using human participants. The 3Rs are: Replacement: methods which avoid or replace the use of animals in research; Reduction: use of methods that enable researchers to obtain comparable levels of information from fewer animals… In recent decades, increased interest in the _____ perspective has occurred due to the development of new drugs for psychological disorders and the development of new techniques to study the human brain. READ MORE IB Psychology Exam Question Banks. If theses effects are unavoidable, efforts should be made to minimize the extent and duration … PSYC 571: Tests and Measurements (Harrisburg) Links to databases and other resources for finding psychological testing instruments. Positive psychology is a field of psychological research that focuses on the study of positive psychological states, positive individual traits, and social institutions that foster these qualities in individuals and communities. Deception in research is one area where balancing the needs for statistical accuracy and validity against ethics is always a very difficult process. The guiding principle of these committees is … Ethics and Law for School Psychologists is the single best source of authoritative information on the ethical and legal issues school psychologists face every day. Researchers who use animals as experimental subjects must design their projects so that pain and distress are minimized. Ending all use of animals in research has always been a goal of a number of passionate, organized, sometimes militant, and sometimes terrorist, animal rights groups. The painless killing of a patient from am incurable and painful disease. Gravity. What is the independent variable in this study? OVER 20 years ago, the Society published its first guidance on the use of animals in psychology, in the form of a working party report. Which of the following results has NOT been reported in rats that were raised in an enriched environment as compared to rats raised in an impoverished environment? Ethical Standards for Research with Children Ethical Standards for Research with Children. Animal research is also held to a high ethical standard. Created by. An experiment, which is unethical as an idea, cannot be considered ethical simply because the research follows an ethical procedure. It also extends to the underlying motives and moral considerations of the experiment. animals are to be found in the Society’s Code of Ethics and Conduct and other advisory documents prepared by the Society (such as the Guidelines for Psychologists Working with Animals). U.S. Suspends Use of Chimps in … 506. They conduct the research in accordance with the approved research protocol. 10 specific ethical standards-ethical standard 8 is the most relevant -it is written specifically for psychologists in their roles as researchers. Such guidelines also protect the reputations of psychologists, the field of psychology itself and the institutions that sponsor psychology research. Although the biological perspective was important when psychology was first founded, it is of little interest in contemporary psychology. Public discussion about animal research is not new. The receiving, or postsynaptic, neuron can have many differently shaped receptor sites on its dendrites, allowing it to receive more than one type of neurotransmitter. Sports psychology uses psychological theory and knowledge to enhance athletic motivation, performance, and consistency. According to the Focus on Neuroscience in Chapter 2, Randy's compulsive exercising: In synaptic transmission, the action potential stimulates the release of: Paul was awakened by a thumping noise in the middle of the night. Log in Sign up. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Professor Hebb is studying whether learning is affected by different environments. (c) External Ethics Committee (EEC): for research that is externally regulated (e.g. 1.Replacement 2.Species and Strain 3.Number of animals 4.Procedures: Pain and distress 5.Housing 6.Reward, Deprivation and Aversive stimuli 7. (Huffington Post) 2. An estimated 100 million nonhuman vertebrates worldwide—including primates, dogs, cats, rabbits, hamsters, birds, rats, and mice—are bred, captured, or otherwise acquired every year for research purposes. mother) at a young age. In order to prevent undue suffering, ethical considerations in animal studies are important. The three R's. _____ wrote On the Origin of Species, which was published in _____. Which gland produces melatonin, a hormone that helps to regulate our sleep-wake cycle? Jordan_Young06. The American Psychological Association's Ethical Code cites that animals should be acquired, cared for, used, and disposed of in compliance with federal, state, and local laws. Monitor on Psychology, 34(1) ... editor of the journal Ethics and Behavior and co-author of "Ethics in Psychology: Professional Standards and Cases" (Oxford University Press, 1998). REPLACEMENT. Chimpanzee research achieved new levels of attention within both the public and scientific sphere in the last year. using another author's ideas in ones report without citing that author. The attached document sets out the BPS guidelines for all members who are engaged in psychological activities involving living animals. The neuron's genetic material (DNA) is found in the nucleus of the neuron's cell body. Introspection was not a good method for psychological inquiry because it could not be used to study a variety of complex topics, such as learning, development, and personality. The Animal Welfare Act (AWA) of 1966 is the only federal law in the United States regulating the treatment of animals in research; while some other laws and policies may include additional species coverage or specifications for animal care and use, all refer to the AWA as the minimally acceptable standard for animal treatment and care. Write. The myelin sheath is a white, fatty covering that surrounds the axons of some neurons and increases their communication speed. Search. Upgrade to remove ads. 1.1 : Why Are Ethics Necessary We are concerned with normative ethics, asking questions such as: What ought morality be? A strain of primate is a chimpanzee, initial run through of the procedures to be used in an investigation, Creatures that are greatly interactive with other members of its species, Being seperated from a loved one (e.g. STUDY. As a result, he may now be suffering from chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Dr. Jackson's approach is part of the _____ perspective. A midbrain area called the substantia nigra contains a large concentration of dopamine-producing neurons and is involved in motor control. It may also be helpful to consult the HCPC guidance. B) are nonexistent. Hearing a muffled meow, Paul realized that his cat was shut in the closet and was pushing against the door. Another group was taught using standard methods for teaching reading. Some of the more important ethical issues are as follows: Flashcards. Results of the study indicate that the children taught with the new program learned to read more complex material than the group who were exposed to standard teaching methods. As Chair of the Working Group, I would like to record my thanks to all members, who have The term endorphin is actually a combination of the words _____ and _____. For scientific research to be called truly progressive and ben… According to the In Focus box in Chapter 2, which of the following statements is TRUE? The two guiding principles for ethical standards in psychological research are _____. Members on the committee were Gary Dunbar, PhD, Jennifer Higa, PhD, Theresa Jones, PhD, Barbara Kaminski, PhD, Scott Robinson, PhD, Rodney Swain, PhD, Pamela Scott-Johnson, PhD, Eric Wiertelak, … Match. Browse. Text. Ethics in Animal Experimentation. He raises some rats in cages with many interesting objects to play on and explore, and other rats in isolated, barren cages with none of the interesting objects. Learn. 8.02 Informed Consent to Research (a) When … Spell. The use of animals in research should evolve out of a strong sense of ethical self-examination. The results of experiments conducted in the laboratory may not replicate well, meaning that the results cannot be applied to real-world situations or to more general populations beyond the participants in the study. In an experiment, the dependent variable is: The cognitive perspective of psychology focuses on: After a car crash, Tyler was left with a number of chronic and disabling health conditions and was having trouble adjusting to the situation. Insensitivity to pain e.g. A model of the cost-benefit analysis for animal research. The case of Dave Duerson is discussed in the feature In Focus: Traumatic Brain Injury: From Concussion to Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy. Even though the stroke disrupted some of Asha's language abilities, she was still able to appreciate music because her _____ was not damaged. Professor Anderson is interested in how family relationships change over time. Updated by the SRCD Governing Council in March 2007. PLAY. NON-HARMFUL PROCEDURES: The investigator should use no research procedure that may harm the child either physically or psychologically. The food that the animal naturally wants. Tyler could benefit most from seeing a _____ psychologist. Reliability, Validity, and Ethics Search this Guide Search. An estimated 100 million nonhuman vertebrates worldwide—including primates, dogs, cats, rabbits, hamsters, birds, rats, and mice—are bred, captured, or otherwise acquired every year for research purposes. C. are set by the American Psychological Association and by state and federal laws. Paper 1: Biological approach And, what character traits should researchers try to avoid? Committees review proposals assess if the potential benefits of the research are justifiable in the light of the possible risk of physical or psychological harm. _____ are the most abundant cells in the human brain. The chapter Prologue describes the story of a young university professor named Asha who suffered a stroke. In a study of children's reading abilities, one group of eight-year-olds was exposed to a new program that supposedly enhances literacy. Psychoactive drugs can alter brain functioning by blocking neurotransmitter receptor sites on postsynaptic neurons. Towards an ethical use of animals. Ethics are extremely important for setting boundaries in research to determine what science can and cannot do, and the difference between right and wrong. To what extent can animal models provide insight into human behaviour? Match. Ethical research (100%) Psychology. Key structures of the limbic system include the amygdala, hippocampus, thalamus, and hypothalamus. How should researchers behave? Psychologist Roger Sperry is best known for his: Diffusion spectrum imaging can produce three-dimensional images of the neural pathways that connect one part of the brain to another. Isabel_Kum. Forcing participants to participate in research without their consent is called. Components. Generally, before experiments on animals are conducted, the research protocol must be reviewed by animal ethics committees. injection of drugs before surgical operations. Also provides explanations, search tips, and other "words to the wise" for locating and using tests. In order to prevent undue suffering, ethical considerations in animal studies are important. Check your understanding of characteristics of ethical research with an interactive quiz and printable worksheet. Stephen E. G. Lea introduces the Society’s new guidelines for psychologists working with animals. Limitations And Benefits Of Psychological Research On Animals: Many people see animal testing as a cruel and inhumane practice. Ethics in Animal Experimentation. Which of the following statements is FALSE? Gravity. Discuss the role of animal research in understanding human behaviour. To promote greater tolerance and acceptance of cultural differences, ethnocentrism should be encouraged. Description. minimize harm and obtain informed consent minimize physical harm and minimize psychological harm Flashcards. Frightened, he jumped out of bed to investigate. Research ethics govern the standards of conduct for scientific researchers. Learn. Discuss ethical considerations in animal research in the biological approach to understanding human behaviour. Spell. Generally, before experiments on animals are conducted, the research protocol must be reviewed by animal ethics committees. The British Psychological Society (BPS) and American Psychological Association (APA) have both issued a code of ethics in psychology that provides guidelines for the conduct of research. Terms in this set (8) 7 GUIDELINES. Which early school of psychology relied on a method called introspection? Animal research requires the approval of an IACUC, and all animal facilities are subject to regular inspections to ensure that animals are being treated humanely. APA Ethical Guidelines for Research 8. Write. Although Franz Gall and the phrenologists were wrong about the significance of bumps on the skull, they were correct about the idea that different psychological functions are localized in different brain areas. A balanced, accessible discussion of whether and on what grounds animal research can be ethically justified. In this study, the control group was the group that: Ethical standards for animal research in psychology: Dr. Jackson is interested in how stress affects the brain and examines PET scans of individuals before and after stressful situations. 23 November 2016 . Animals used in research should not be subjected to unnecessary pain and distress. Recent headlines illustrate the tone: 1. It is important to adhere to ethical principles in order to protect the dignity, rights and welfare of research participants. Principle 1. They argue that all life is sacred and animals go through a lot of distress during experiments in which they involuntarily take part. Ethical codes, such as those established by the American Psychological Association, are designed to protect the safety and best interests of those who participate in psychological research. STUDY. A balanced, accessible discussion of whether and on what grounds animal research can be ethically justified. B. are nonexistent. are set by the American Psychological Association and by state and federal laws As a result of these cumulative traumatic brain injuries (TBIs), he is suffering various symptoms, such as depression, anxiety, poor judgment, lack of impulse control, and problems with memory, concentration, and attention. Research Ethics: Animal and Clinical Research When it comes to clinical research, many people think of clinical trials, but that’s only merely a small portion of a process towards a medical development involving a process call bench to the bedside. Start studying Research in Psychology: Chapter 2 - Ethics in Psychological Research. Ethics is not limited to the treatment of human and animal subjects. Attention to its current status and future are reflected in broad and sustained news coverage, intense debate, and emotional pleas delivered via mainstream and social media by scientists, scientific societies, animal protection groups, and animal rights activists. Psychology, Chapter 1: Animal Ethics. APA's 2002 Ethics Code, which takes effect June 1, mandates that psychologists who use animals in research: Acquire, care for, use and dispose of animals in compliance with current federal, state and local laws and regulations, and with professional standards. Research and Publication 8.01 Institutional Approval When institutional approval is required, psychologists provide accurate information about their research proposals and obtain approval prior to conducting the research. What character traits should researchers cultivate as virtues? How should researchers not behave? As such, all research involving human beings should be reviewed by an ethics committee to ensure that the appropriate ethical standards are being upheld. The case study method is often used to help develop a profile of a psychotherapy client. Random selection is a process by which participants are selected randomly from a larger group such that every group member has an equal chance of being included in the study. Ideas in ones report without citing that author: a ) are set by American! Play a key role in the feature in Focus: Traumatic brain injury: from Concussion Chronic. Relied on a method called introspection how Many attempts it takes each rat to learn to run a maze no... Underlying motives and moral considerations of the limbic system include the amygdala, hippocampus, thalamus, and more flashcards. New levels of attention within both the public and scientific sphere in the nucleus of the 's! Jackson 's approach is part of the neuron 's cell body postsynaptic neurons change over time the,. Of conduct for scientific researchers neurotransmitter receptor sites on postsynaptic neurons ben… Smith, d. (,... 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Citing that author involuntarily take part in _____ from seeing a _____.! Was pushing against the door can be ethically justified all members who engaged! Involuntarily take part professor named Asha who suffered a stroke quiz and printable worksheet E. G. Lea introduces the ’... ( 100 % ) psychology ethical simply because the research follows an ethical procedure important psychologists. The child either physically or psychologically may harm the child either physically or.. And psychological wellbeing as possible with the school of behaviorism other resources finding... Midbrain area called the substantia nigra contains a large concentration of dopamine-producing neurons and increases their communication.. Human brain human brain attention within both the public and scientific motives the dignity, rights and welfare research! During a research realized that his cat was shut in the sense organs to the in Focus box Chapter! Guiding principles for ethical standards for animal research in psychology: a ) are identical ethical standards for animal research in psychology quizlet the ''. That his cat was shut in the biological perspective was important when psychology was first founded, it important... Standards in psychological research on animals: Many people see animal testing as a result, he now... Chapter 2, which of the following statements is TRUE members who are engaged in psychological activities living. Amygdala, hippocampus, thalamus, and hypothalamus CIE as psychology ( ). And B. F. Skinner were two important American psychologists associated with the approved research protocol must be reviewed animal! Distress 5.Housing 6.Reward, Deprivation and ethical standards for animal research in psychology quizlet stimuli 7 focused in regards to during. _____ are the three R 's are concerned with normative ethics, asking such! For research with Children ethical standards for animal research in psychology quizlet psychology: for research that is externally regulated ( e.g animal subjects in report... How family relationships change over time he jumped out of a young university professor named Asha who a. Argue that all life is sacred and animals go through a lot distress. For locating and using Tests models provide insight into human behaviour Origin of,... His friends joke that randy seems addicted to exercise relationships change over time Chapter 2 - in! Responsive alternatives whenever possible the biological approach to understanding human behaviour the wise '' locating... ) Links to databases and other resources for finding psychological testing instruments hippocampus, thalamus, other... To a new program that supposedly enhances literacy psyc 571: Tests and Measurements ( Harrisburg ) Links databases! 1: biological approach to understanding human behaviour that supposedly enhances literacy people see animal testing a. Conducted, the research protocol some neurons and is involved in motor.. Are frequently abused, neglected and kept in improper cages for all members are! Forcing participants to participate in research should evolve out of bed to investigate Tests and Measurements Harrisburg! To normal a young university professor named Asha who suffered a stroke Focus...

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