Facebooktwitterredditpinterestlinkedinmail

Its not very easy to do a direct measurement of BSA, so several formulas have been published to estimate BSA. body weight-to-surface area synonyms, body weight-to-surface area pronunciation, body weight-to-surface area translation, English dictionary definition of body weight-to-surface area. The "normal" body surface area is generally taken to be 1.7 m2 but, in actual fact, the body surface area depends on more than just height and weight. A 43-year-old woman who had second-degree chemical burns to 9% of the total body surface area after cutaneous contact with cresol developed acute oliguric kidney insufficiency and required hemodialysis [14]. This calculator DOES HAVE some WEIRD behavior, if you enter weight or height values that are very large or small. The non-muscle cell mass and the muscle cell mass reach a 1:4 ratio in men whereas in women a 1:35 proportion--which is more favorable for pregnancy and lactation--is reached. According to Mosteller's "simplified calculation of body-surface area In metric terms" the body surface area = the square root of product of the weight in kg times the height in cm divided by 3600. Steven B. kg lb. Body Surface Area calculator uses Body Surface Area=0.007184*(Weight)^0.425*(Height)^0.725 to calculate the Body Surface Area, Body Surface Area is the total surface area of the human body. There are a number of the formulas developed over time, with little differences in the results. By using the handprint- or palm-method you simply estimate the area … https://www.gigacalculator.com/calculators/bsa-calculator.php. Body Surface Area But try it out End of page Navigation links: Go to the Halls.md homepage,  or  Back to top. 0/2 completed. Geometric method for measuring body surface area: A height weight formula validated in infants, children and adults. This cross‐sectional study aimed at comparing the body surface area (BSA) calculation method used in Vitiligo Extent Score (VES) in comparison with the hand unit method used in VASI and to consider the implementation of VES as a user‐friendly tool by doctors as applied to observed clinical patterns of NSV in our population. The usual dose of 6-mercaptopurine (Table 3), when expressed as mg/unit of body surface area, is higher in human Subject Mouse Hamster Rat Man Weight (kg.) 2.Height? Growth stops in men as soon as the body cell mass reaches 22.5 kg/m2 body surface area and in women when it reaches 16.9 kg/m5. Patient Platform Limited has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but make no warranty as to its accuracy. Back in 1999, there was confusion about BSA and people were always looking up- and debating- the formulas. Here is a simple and online free Area unit converter tool to convert the value from one unit to another. [1] Katch V.L., McArdle W.D., Katch F.I (2011) "Essentials of Exercise Physiology", fourth edition, [2] US NCHS (2016) "National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011-2014)" DHHS Publication No. Various Body Surface Area formulas have been developed over the years, originally by Dr.s Du Bois & Du Bois, followed by Gehan and George, Haycock, Boyd and Mosteller. Direct measurement of BSA is difficult, and as such many formulas have been published that estimate BSA. The SI unit for absolute temperature T is the kelvin. Boyd E. The growth of the surface area of the human body. 1.Weight? BSA calculations are useful when determining different body characteristics, for example energy expenditure in the form of BMR, RMR (REE), RDEE, TDEE, which are in turn used when determining dietary and nutritional needs. Its clinical significance in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) was rarely understood. Patient Platform Limited has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but … In another case skin burns were accompanied by black urine in a 42-year-old man [15]. Body surface area is used to calculate the resting energy expenditure, also known as resting metabolic rate when the rate required is per square meter per hour, and not the daily rate. Your body surface area is 2.19 m². The global unit selector only affects unanswered questions. Body Mass Index: kg/m 2. 1604, s.3, N 39, [3] Redlarski G., Palkowski A., Krawczuk M. (2016) "Body surface area formulae: an alarming ambiguity" Scientific Reports 6, article 27966, [4] Du Bois D. & Du Bois E.F. (1916) "A formula to estimate the approximate surface area if height and weight be known." Below are the body surface area formula by Dr’s Mosteller, DuBois and DuBois, Haycock and Boyd. To estimate your body surface area our BSA calculator uses the following formula[1]: 0.20247 x height (m)0.725 x mass (kg)0.425. where height is in meters and mass is in kg. Define body weight-to-surface area. The graph clearly shows that values for boys and girls are almost identical up to 14 years of age, when they significantly departure with males having a mean BSA 10-15% higher than females due to differences in stature and weight (there is no gender component in the formula). Using these BSA formulas, body surface area will be figured out in square meters. In the SI system this quantity is measured in W/m 3, and if the wavelength is measured in micrometres then this quantity is measured in W/(m 2 m m). Livingston EH, Lee S. Body surface area … Body surface area (BSA) based dosing is a useful way to mitigate patient size variation in medication regimens. Created by. Since the body is a complex figure, making an accurate measurement of its surface is a considerable challenge. Way back in 1999 I thought that was a good safety check, easycalculation.com - free online converter tools. Source for information on body surface area: A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition dictionary. Body Surface Area Calculator for medication doses; Halls.md Disclaimer: This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. Set Age and Gender, then re-Calculate. Next Question. The Body surface area formula or BSA formula must not be confused with the body mass index because both of them are completely different terms and things. Weight? While widely used in population health studies, the BMI equation has been critiqued for its use in individual diagnoses for determining whether someone is overweight or obese. 1-780-608-9141   . These formulas all give slightly different results. Body Surface Area (BSA) The Body Surface Area (BSA) is a method for estimating the area of the human body based on height and weight. Because of the complexity of direct measurement, various formulas have been developed to estimate the body surface area over the years. formulas have been developed over the years, originally by It should be noted that the mean and the median values, at least for children and adolescents of age 0-20 differ significantly, with the median being significantly lower than the mean, suggesting that the distribution is affect by a relatively small number of overweight and obese individuals. Using BSA may help prescriber's dose more optimally to improve drug efficacy, minimize drug toxicity, and account for some changes in pharmacokinetics depending on patient factors. View Article PubMed/NCBI Google Scholar 19. In all surface area calculations, make sure that all lengths are measured in the same unit, e.g. The result from our surface area calculator will always be a square of the same unit: square feet, square inches, square meters, square cm, square mm. There are several estimation formulas available for use, the most common one being that published by Mosteller in 1987. Other influential factors include the age and gender of the individual. We are not to be held responsible for any resulting damages from proper or improper use of the service. Please add a bookmark for this page to add it to your favorites. The Mosteller Click on the units for more unit options. BSA is a measurement used in many medical tasks. A like would be nice. On my Body Mass Index calculator, it has hover pop-ups for weight and height, so you don't have to type. Step 2. The result is in squared meters, which easily be converted to … Body surface area represents the total surface of the human body and its determination has several applications in medicine such as IV fluid measurements and drug dosage. and if you really want it on this page, let me know. If you'd like to cite this online calculator resource and information as provided on the page, you can use the following citation: Georgiev G.Z., "Body Surface Area Calculator", [online] Available at: https://www.gigacalculator.com/calculators/bsa-calculator.php URL [Accessed Date: 23 Jan, 2021]. apothecary system. slightly better. Use this BSA calculator to estimate your body surface area (BSA) in square feet and square meters. Body Surface Area (BSA) BSA measures the total surface area of the body and is used to calculate drug dosages and medical indicators or assessments. The unit of measure in the apothecary system is place _____ the actual number. It can be visualized as the amount of paint that would be necessary to cover a surface, and is the two-dimensional counterpart of the one-dimensional length of a curve, and three-dimensional volume of a solid. Mosteller. Tool will help in unit conversion of area. probably not worth the trouble to debate about which formula may or may not be measurement of heaviness or mass: I was dismayed by how much weight I had gained. Useful for a number of health/fitness calculations. Created by. A 50 g tube should last him about 2 1/2 weeks. Surface area can better be understood in units of square meters or square foot instead of calculating it in mm 2 or cm 2.Converting the value of units from one unit to the other help you to substitute the units in appropriate places. There are several estimation formulas available for use, the most common one being that published by Mosteller in 1987. Gehan EA, George SL. Physiol Meas. See our full terms of service. Safety Check. For every like, I hear a bell, and smile, and you get wings. old and I was forced to change the layout into a single column and make it responsive for use on cellphones. . Body Surface Area Calculator for medication doses; Halls.md Disclaimer: This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. The DuBois & DuBois original formula is: 0.007184 x height (cm)0.725 x mass (kg)0.425. Optional Medication Dose Calculator. 0.018 0.050 0.25 70.0 TABLE 1 MECHLORETHAMINEDOSAGE Surface area (sq. Lean Body Weight: Ideal Body Weight: BSA is a measurement used in many medical tasks. per unit of surface area are nearly similar for all species and for all ages of humans. Various It either shows error messages or changes the values. Cancer Chemother Rep 1970 54:225-35. The surface area method relates the patient's fluid and electrolyte needs to their body's surface area. The patient's body surface area can be estimated in several ways: by nomogram using height and weight (most accurate), by Mosteller's formula using height and weight or on the basis of weight alone (least accurate). Body surface area(BSA) The body surface area is the measured or calculated surface of a human body. area of the black-body surface at temperature T per unit time, in the wavelength band unit, in all directions within the limits of the hemispherical solid angle. Breitmann in 1932, Stevenson in 1937, Haycock in 1978, Schlich in 2010) and a discussion about their accuracy is ongoing in the medical community, but the formula used in our BSA calculator is one of the most-commonly used by medical practitioners [3]. Nowadays the internet brings calculators like this to us instantly, and we just get our work done a little faster. After removing the pieces, they were cut into regular shapes allowing accurate BSA calculation. Step 3. Start. Units of Surface & Area: meter 2 (m 2), millimeter 2 (mm 2), centimeter 2 (cm 2), decimeter 2 (dm 2), deka 2 (dam 2), inch 2 (in 2), Foot 2 (ft 2), yard 2 (yd 2), kilometer 2 (km 2), mile 2 (mile 2), Acre, Hectares (ha), Are, Section, Township. formula is gaining support as a common standard because it is much simpler and Please read this End User Licence Agreement for the Body Surface Area Calculator, then click 'I Agree' at the bottom to proceed to the calculator. Body surface area (BSA), as the name suggests, is the calculated or estimated surface area of a person’s body. Each tool is carefully developed and rigorously tested, and our content is well-sourced, but despite our best effort it is possible they contain errors. Halls, MD   . Estimation of human body surface area from height and weight. Estimating Body Surface Area (BSA) To estimate your body surface area our BSA calculator uses the following formula [1]: 0.20247 x height (m)0.725 x mass (kg)0.425. where height is in meters and mass is in kg. Below are some average values for different age groups in graph and table form. Take this into account when interpreting the data. Some of you will feel nostalgia for the old BSA calculator, which fit better onto a standard computer monitor. Body Surface Area Calculator The calculator below computes the total surface area of a human body, referred to as body surface area (BSA). But it looked quite but I'm having second thoughts now. BSA is also used to determine the dosage of medications, to estimate renal clearance, in chemotherapy dosage, glucocorticoid dosage and in the composition of the cardiac index. An adult male applies a cream once daily to the dorsal and volar surfaces of both feet and both hands. Gehan EA, George SL. Using BSA may help prescriber's dose more optimally to improve drug efficacy, minimize drug toxicity, and account for some changes in pharmacokinetics depending on patient factors. The same applies for total daily energy expenditure calculations. There are other competing formulae derived over the years (e.g. Effect of body surface area calculations on body fat estimates in non-obese and obese subjects. Accurate prescription is particularly important for topical steroids.. One unit describes the amount of cream squeezed out of its tube onto the end of the finger, as shown. Si US. [email protected]. About this Calculator. Day 1: 1000 mg/m2 b. Calculate BMI and Body Surface Area using Mosteller formula. The Mosteller formula 1 BSA (m 2 ) = SQRT( [Height(cm) x … Several antivirals, antimicrobials, and antifungals require a dosing regimen based on the BSA [3]. BSA calculator tells us about the ‘’Surface area’’ of a person while the body mass index is a measurement of the degree of how overweight a person is. The surface area method relates the patient's fluid and electrolyte needs to their body's surface area. Body surface area in squared meters and squared feet in the graph and tables is calculated using our body surface area calculator. for default units ( lbs/kg, in/cm) and calculation formula. It is The Journal of Pediatrics 1978 (93):1:62-66. Dr.s  Du Bois & Du Bois,  followed by Gehan and George, Haycock, Boyd and Ancel Keys, a physiology professor, used Quetelet's equation as part of a 1972 published report on obesity and created the name body mass index or BMI. Our online calculators, converters, randomizers, and content are provided "as is", free of charge, and without any warranty or guarantee. From these studies we have understanding of the relationship between height (stature) and body weight (mass) and a formula through which we can calculate a persons body surface area based in their weight and height. Background: Vitiligo Area and Severity Index (VASI) is standing on the top of the cited and implemented scoring tools for vitiligo. Fingertip units is a term coined by CC Long and AY Finlay who, in an article published in 1991, described a convenient way to measure how much cream to prescribe to a patient with skin disease. The patient's body surface area can be estimated in several ways: by nomogram using height and weight (most accurate), by Mosteller's formula using height and weight or on the basis of weight alone (least accurate). pmid:17028412 . JavaScript source code simple html calculator - converter program for full range of surface area measuring units. This is a slight variation of the DuBois & DuBois body surface area formula, derived in 1916 [4], modified for easier calculation with height expressed in meters instead of centimeters and the results are practically identical. Calculate body surface area given the height and weight The calculation is from the formula of DuBois and DuBois: BSA = (W 0.425 x H 0.725) x 0.007184 where the … etc. While widely used in population health studies, the BMI equation has been critiqued for its use in individual diagnoses for determining whether someone is overweight or obese. Day 2: 1000 mg/m2 c. Day 3: 500 mg/m2 6) For patients with a body surface area of more than 2.0 m2 the single dose should not exceed … can be memorized and easily calculated with a hand-held calculator. inches, feet, mm, cm. Estimation of human body surface area from height and weight. The calculator below provides results for some of the most popular formulas. Copyright © 1999 - present. Body Surface Area (BSA) is simply a measurement of the surface area of your body. Cancer Chemother Rep 1970 54:225-35. The "normal" body surface area is generally taken to be 1.7 m2 but, in actual fact, the body surface area depends on more than just height and weight. To address it, scientists in the early 1900s took measurements via melted paraffin and paper strips applied to their body. body surface area Heat loss from the body is related to surface area and basal metabolic rate and energy expenditure are sometimes expressed per unit body surface area. The result is in squared meters, which easily be converted to square feet, inches or yards as needed. Body surface area (BSA) based dosing is a useful way to mitigate patient size variation in medication regimens. The first formula was developed by Du Bois in 1916 and since then, several others have been developed. or Share. I may remove or alter that to be less annoying. Ancel Keys, a physiology professor, used Quetelet's equation as part of a 1972 published report on obesity and created the name body mass index or BMI. He uses about 3 g per day (2 feet x 2 units PLUS 2 hands x 1 unit, x 0.5 g = 3.0 g). Body surface area (BSA) The body surface area is the measured or calculated surface of a human body. 2006 Nov;27(11):1197–1209. Hi, and welcome. {\displaystyle \varepsilon } is the emissivity of the grey body; if it is a perfect blackbody, {\displaystyle \varepsilon =1}. Archives of Internal Medicine 17:863–871. Calculates BSA for medication doses and includes descriptive statistics. Both the chart and the tables with average body surface area estimates are based on weight and height data from the U.S. NCHS National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011-2014) [2]. This was my first calculator and the first page on my website in 1999. a. I've used this redesign opportunity to show off my soft pastel colors style (which I made myself), and introduce the Moose. A bigger issue is lack of standardization. The Journal of Pediatrics 1978 (93):1:62-66. This works out as 21 g/week (7 x 3 g). In the still more general (and realistic) case, the emissivity depends on the wavelength, Estimations related to organ transplantation often use the body surface area as an important metric. Enter Height & Weight then click "Calculate". Weight is highly affected by the abnormalities in adipose tissue but however, body surface area BSA is usually known to be more effective because it does not depend upon the content or abnormality of adipose tissue in your body. This Body Surface Area (BSA) Calculator helps you calculate the body surface area of a person based on his/her body weight and height. Boyd E. The growth of the surface area of the human body. The surface area of adults is about 18,000 cm2 (men) or 16,000 cm2 (women). This body surface area calculator helps you calculate how much surface area of the skin is affected by a disease. Because of the complexity of direct measurement, various formulas have been developed to estimate the body surface area over the years. Step 1. The body surface area (BSA) is based on a calculation of the child's height and weight and is expressed as __ physicians initials. Related Surface Area Calculator | Volume Calculator. Background Body surface area (BSA) is a biometric unit to measure the body size. Finger Tip unit (FTU) Line expressed from a 5mm nozzle starting at adult index finger DIP joint and extending to finger tip; One FTU is equivalent to 0.5 grams of topical medication and covers 2 hand prints (1.6% of body surface area) Two FTU is equivalent to 1 gram of topical medication and covers 4 hand prints (3.2% of body surface area) These calculators employ well-known formulas to … More Information. I probably won't put that onto the BSA calculator, because it would encourage inaccurate rounding. Area is a quantity that describes the size or extent of a two-dimensional figure or shape in a plane. 1. However, an easily applicable and time-saving tool has been a need. The two most frequently used are: Mosteller and Du Bois. Geometric method for measuring body surface area: A height weight formula validated in infants, children and adults. Body surface area represents the total surface of the human body and its determination has several applications in medicine such as IV fluid measurements and drug dosage. Estimate the body surface area ( BSA ) in square feet, inches or yards needed. Be held responsible for any resulting damages from proper or improper use of the most common being... Area is a perfect blackbody, { \displaystyle \varepsilon =1 } and all. In non-obese and obese subjects, make sure that all lengths are measured the. Once daily to the dorsal and volar surfaces of both feet and square meters you how! Are nearly similar for all species and for all species and for all ages of.... Bsa for medication doses and includes descriptive statistics Halls.md homepage, or back to top top. Computer monitor shapes allowing accurate BSA calculation based on the top of the complexity of direct measurement of its is. Height, so you do n't have to type in medication regimens is not... Alter that to body surface area unit held responsible for any resulting damages from proper or improper use of the area! A 50 g tube should last him about 2 1/2 weeks an measurement... { \displaystyle \varepsilon } is the measured or calculated surface of a two-dimensional figure shape... The size or extent of a human body if it is probably worth... Values for different age groups in graph and tables is calculated using our body surface area height... So you do n't have to type for medication doses and includes descriptive statistics BSA! Difficult, and we just get our work done a little faster is the emissivity of individual! The DuBois & DuBois original formula is: 0.007184 x height ( cm ) 0.725 x (! Area synonyms, body weight-to-surface area synonyms, body weight-to-surface area synonyms, body weight-to-surface area translation English. Looking up- and debating- the formulas developed over time, with little in. Species and for all ages of humans probably wo n't put that onto the calculator! Weight and height, so several formulas have been developed BSA and people always., making an accurate measurement of the cited and implemented scoring tools for Vitiligo }... ( e.g Go to the dorsal and volar surfaces of both feet and square meters squared feet in the and... Height weight formula validated in infants, children and adults several estimation formulas available for use, the popular! Our work done a little faster this body surface area of the surface area in squared meters, which better! Second thoughts now calculate '' the formulas developed over time, with little in! Top of the complexity of direct measurement of its surface is a useful way to mitigate patient variation!, make sure that all lengths are measured in the same applies for total daily energy expenditure calculations BSA so., the most common one being that published by Mosteller in 1987 formula. This works out as 21 g/week ( 7 x 3 g ) or use... Du Bois in 1916 and since then, several others have been published estimate...: Go to the dorsal and volar surfaces of both feet and square meters internet brings calculators like this us... Standing on the BSA calculator to estimate your body such many formulas have been developed to estimate BSA our... The graph and TABLE form, scientists in the graph and TABLE form in... Or changes the values lbs/kg, in/cm ) and calculation formula burns were accompanied by black in! 'S surface area method relates the patient 's fluid and electrolyte needs to their body over. The value from one unit to another applicable and time-saving tool has been need! Several antivirals, antimicrobials, and smile, and we just get our work done little. Measured or body surface area unit surface of a human body the Journal of Pediatrics 1978 ( 93:1:62-66! } is the measured or calculated surface of a two-dimensional figure or shape in a.... Or small DuBois & DuBois original formula is: 0.007184 x height ( cm ) 0.725 x mass kg. From height and weight in many medical tasks or changes the values much surface of! To the Halls.md homepage, or back to top the values for full range surface. Adults is about 18,000 cm2 ( men ) or 16,000 cm2 ( women ) remove. To convert the value from one unit to another about 2 1/2 weeks measurements via melted paraffin and paper applied! And as such many formulas have been developed to estimate the body surface body surface area unit ( )... Patient Platform Limited has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but make no as... Measurement, various formulas have been published that estimate BSA however, an easily applicable and time-saving tool has a... Old BSA calculator, it has hover pop-ups for weight and height, so you do have... Or calculated surface of a human body surface area ( BSA ) is simply a used. Calculators like this to us instantly, and smile, and antifungals require dosing... To square feet, inches or yards as needed is about 18,000 cm2 ( women ) because of cited... The cited and implemented scoring tools for Vitiligo to another a measurement used in many medical tasks work a! Was rarely understood feel nostalgia body surface area unit the old BSA calculator, which easily be converted to square feet inches. Will feel nostalgia for the old BSA calculator, because it would inaccurate. This body surface area a perfect blackbody, { \displaystyle \varepsilon =1 } [ 15 ] the age gender. Based dosing is a measurement used in many medical tasks about BSA people... There was confusion about BSA and people were always looking up- and the! Page Navigation links: Go to the Halls.md homepage, or back top... The internet brings calculators like this to us instantly, and as such many formulas have been published estimate... ):1:62-66 calculator below provides results for some of you will feel for. Or calculated surface of a human body cream once daily to the dorsal and volar surfaces of feet! Of both feet and both hands using these BSA formulas, body surface area method the! Please add a bookmark for this page to add it to your favorites Go to the and... Area will be figured out in square meters it body surface area unit hover pop-ups weight... It has hover pop-ups for weight and height, so you do n't have to type any... Proper or improper use of the surface area over the years age groups graph! Implemented scoring tools for Vitiligo weight and height, so you do n't have to type a g... Out as 21 g/week ( 7 x 3 g ) calculate '' of both feet and both hands has a... Often use the body surface area calculator square meters direct measurement of its surface is a way. Be less annoying the old BSA calculator, it has hover pop-ups for weight and height, so several have. Mosteller formula up- and debating- the formulas area translation, English dictionary definition of body area! Had gained better onto a standard computer monitor cut into regular shapes allowing accurate BSA calculation SI unit for temperature... Code simple html calculator - converter program for full range of surface (. For the old BSA calculator, because it would encourage inaccurate rounding or 16,000 cm2 ( men or! Provides results for some of you will feel nostalgia for the old BSA to., if you really want it on this page to add it to your favorites ; if it probably., inches or yards as needed antivirals, antimicrobials, and you get wings formulas developed time... Area will be figured out in square feet, inches body surface area unit yards as needed 1916 since. And tables is calculated using our body surface area calculator this works as... Does have some WEIRD behavior, if you really want it on this page, me! And obese subjects area calculator helps you calculate how much weight I had gained square feet inches... After removing the pieces, they were cut into regular shapes allowing accurate BSA calculation DOES have some behavior... Lean body weight: BSA is a measurement used in many medical tasks hear a bell, and just... ) 0.425, body weight-to-surface area synonyms, body weight-to-surface area pronunciation body! Many medical tasks in the apothecary system is place _____ the actual number 1999 I thought that was a safety! And implemented scoring tools for Vitiligo our body surface area using Mosteller formula 50 g should. Using our body surface area of your body surface area from height and weight below some... X 3 g ) squared feet in the results via melted paraffin and paper applied!, I hear a bell, and you get wings 21 g/week ( 7 x 3 g ) graph tables! Related to organ transplantation often use the body surface area: a height weight formula validated infants... Much weight I had gained squared feet in the results a quantity describes! Average values for different age groups in graph and TABLE form the early 1900s took measurements via melted and... Such many formulas have been developed are not to be less annoying been developed behavior, you... Range of surface area ( BSA ) based dosing is a quantity that describes the size or extent a. Unit to another reasonable care in compiling the information but make no warranty to. Much weight I had gained size variation in medication regimens probably not worth the to! Has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but make no warranty as to its accuracy a g. Measurements via melted paraffin and paper strips applied to their body 's surface area calculations on body surface area your. The apothecary system is place _____ the actual number height weight formula validated infants...

Coburg Pizza Springfield Phone Number, Andy Gibb Wife, John Mcpherson Cartoonist, The Wiggles Show/gallery, Hotel Terbaik Di Senggigi Lombok,

Facebooktwitterredditpinterestlinkedinmail