switzerland education system
Depending on the cantons, the combinations might differ. A distinctive characteristic of the Swiss education system is taking into account the wishes and the abilities of students. Through music, games, art, and lots of crafts, they are introduced to basic reading and math. While the Cantons are responsible for compulsory education, the Cantons and the Federal Government share responsibilities for post-compulsory education (general education schools, vocational and professional education and … These courses are not always entitled to scholarships. At the end of the year, depending on performance, students either continue to the next year or repeat the previous one. Basic vocational education lasts between two and four years and provides practical and technical training. This system is overseen by the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI). The higher education systems are rated based on four main criteria. Subjects include the first language, a second national language, English, mathematics, natural sciences, social sciences, humanities (e.g., geography, history, ethics, religion), music, art, physical education, and health. Students with an upper-secondary specialized school certificate will continue their education in PET colleges. Some primary schools are closed one day or one afternoon in the week (for example, Wednesday). Each canton has its own education department, school calendar, education structure, methods of teaching, and curricula. About a third of Swiss students go onto baccalaureate school, which provide a general education in preparation for admission to university. Kindergarten, primary and secondary schools are free. In German-speaking cantons, some municipalities combine kindergarten and the first two years of primary school into the first learning cycle called Grundstufe or Basisstufe. The system and rules vary by region, with some cantons starting mandatory schooling at age four and others at six. The upper secondary education is equivalent to the high schools in American education systems regarding the age of the students. Students receive a grade at the end of term and/or year; how well students do determines whether they progress to the next year or not. At some schools, children go home for lunch, “which can be awkward for working parents,” says Daniel. COPYRIGHT © 2020 STUDYING IN SWITZERLAND. The International School Zurich North teaches students aged between three years (nursery) and 17 years old (grade 12). They provide a school-based general education and preparation for professional education and training (PET) in specific occupations – like healthcare, social work, and education – at PET colleges and universities of applied sciences. According to Daniel Sarbach, director of the International School Zurich North – who welcomes students from the international community from early years (3-6 years old) to the upper secondary –, Swiss education standards are high. This guide to the Swiss schooling system – from primary to secondary – will help enroll your child into education in Switzerland. Keystone / Peter Klaunzer. On a per-capita basis, this level of spending puts Switzerland in first … In the German-speaking cantons, kindergarten and two years of primary education are combined into the first learning cycle, and students aged four to eight years are in the same class. Education system Switzerland. The difference between a University and a Fachhochschule is that the latter generally doesn’t award a doctoral degree. Through VET school, students get a federal VET diploma or a federal VET certificate that will enable them to work and continue further education. Even where pre-school is not compulsory, most children attend kindergarten before primary school. NOTE: These settings will only apply to the browser and device you are currently using. More than 65% of students in upper secondary education are enrolled in pre-vocational or vocational programmes at the upper secondary level, compared with an average of only % across OECD 44 countries. It is called kindergarten in German-speaking Switzerland, école enfantine in the French-speaking area, and scuola dell'infanzia in the Italian-speaking canton of Ticino. Geography. Switzerland heavily invests in its education system: In 2014, public-sector spending on education in Switzerland was just under 36 billion Swiss francs That’s 5.6% of the gross domestic product. Primary school lasts for between 4 to 6 years most likely following 2 to 3 years in kindergarten. Languages are given quite the emphasis in the Swiss education system, and therefore most of the people there speak at least a second language. Education in Switzerland is a largely decentralized system. primary education – kindergarten or a first learning cycle; upper secondary level education – vocational education and training (VET), baccalaureate schools and upper-secondary specialized schools; tertiary level education – professional training, university. The Education System(s) in Switzerland Source: www.educa.ch . They can then enroll at cantonal universities, institutes of technology, and teacher training universities. Students who pass earn the baccalaureate certificate (Matura / Maturité). In the French-speaking cantons, two years of kindergarten are combined with two other years and make the first cycle of primary education. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Applicants with the required qualifications can generally attend their chosen course. The curriculum includes IGCSE and International A-Level and offers students an education in the English language while learning in a friendly, international environment. There is one private and eight public Universities of Applied Sciences. For more information, contact your canton’s education department and the Home School Association of Switzerland. This guide has been written by a practitioner for parents. Around 5 percent of students go onto upper secondary specialized schools. Connectivity assesses the … It can be considered a continuation of the lower secondary education, where the subjects are similar to the previous ones in lower secondary education, plus law and economics. Depending on a pupil’s performance, they may promote to the next level, receive extra support, or repeat a year. Here is the intention is to provide a basic academic education, while assessing the future path of each child individually. There is also usually a meeting with pupils and parents to discuss the student’s performance, which will include behavior and attitude towards learning. Upper secondary school is regulated jointly by the Confederation and the cantons so there are variations in organization and curricula across the country. The three-year specialized school program ends with a final exam (written and/or oral) in at least six subjects, at least one of which must be related to the specific occupation. My questions are: This has resulted in a considerable number of international students in the country. Daniel explains: “The aim is to stimulate the development and social skills of the children mainly through play-based learning – lots of music, crafts and games – and in the last year, the rudiments of reading, writing, and mathematics.” He adds that “pre-schools are a great way for expat children to pick up a new language and start integrating with Swiss culture.” For more information, see the Expatica’s guide to childcare in Switzerland. Admission criteria varies but may include an entrance exam or interview. In Switzerland there are many courses which prepare young people for education in the shape of an apprenticeship or studies. eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/administration-and-governance-local-andor-institutional-level-115_en, sbfi.admin.ch/sbfi/en/home/education/swiss-education-area.html, eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/organisation-education-system-and-its-structure-115_en, Very helpful article. This is where kids learn their mother language, a second language spoken in Switzerland and English. What level is equivalent to a high school diploma that does not have good grades to admit in a swiss institution? The specialisms are available from lists of subjects that each canton determines. Children start compulsory education when they are about four to six years old until about when they turn 15 years old. Although most children attend kindergarten for two years, in some cantons it isn’t compulsory. The administration and regulation of the school system in Switzerland is made by the cantons while having a set framework by the central government. Furthermore, universities in Switzerland are known for their BBAs and MBAs, and they tend to be some of the best in the world. Cantons set their own timetables. Most cantons and municipalities have core times with children usually going to school in the morning from around 8.30am until 11.30am and then from 13.30pm until 16.00pm. A baccalaureate program consists of core subjects, a main specialism, and a secondary specialism plus a baccalaureate essay. Switzerland has three main geographic regions: the Alps covering around 60% of the country's total surface area, the Swiss Plateau (30%) and the Jura (10%). You can of course change your mind and withdraw your consent at any time, by returning to this site after clearing the cookies on your computer or device. The cantons also regulate this. State school system. Even though there are private schools in Switzerland, most students attend public schools in the local area. If your canton allows homeschooling, you’ll have to register annually/notify the education department and work within their guidelines. Swiss Education System: Detailed descriptions. In most cantons, children must begin primary school at age six. There can also be end-of-year tests as well. Responsibility for post-compulsory education is shared between the Swiss Confederation and the cantons. Vocational education plays a major role in the Swiss education system. They receive a grade at the end of term and/or year; satisfactory grades determine whether a student progresses to the next year or not. Many of these students attend top universities in Switzerland for their advanced degrees. Switzerland is internationally recognised as a center of excellence for education, its attraction for studying and research is well-established. Environment. In Switzerland and in Germany, Austria, Denmark and Norway between 30 and 70 percent of students in upper secondary school participate in Pupil assessment varies from canton to canton. In Switzerland, the higher education system at University-level consists of ten cantonal Universities, two federal Institutes of Technology and seven Universities of Applied Sciences (Fachhochschulen), as well as the recently founded Schools for Teacher Education and many Advanced Vocational Colleges. A vocational school is a preferred choice for most young Swiss students. Working in higher education in Switzerland. Education is compulsory for all children in Switzerland, even those who do not have legal residency status. Kids start their lower secondary education around the ages of 11 to 12, and it lasts 3 to 4 years. After they have finished kindergarten, around the age of 6, they go to primary school. Compulsory education in Switzerland lasts for nine to eleven years depending on the canton. Special needs education in Switzerland implies that general compulsory education applies also to children and youngsters with visual or hearing impairments, physical and learning disabilities, mental retardation, and speech and behavioral disorders. Switzerland is a confederation of cantons with a surprising degree of administrative independence. After nine years of compulsory education, adolescents continue to the upper secondary level, which is split into vocational and general education. Depending on the canton, primary school lasts between four and six years. The three types of upper secondary education include: Most students in Switzerland go onto vocational education and training (VET) programs after lower secondary education. Baccalaureate programs usually last for four years but three years in some cantons and six years in others. The enrollment is based on the student’s previous performance, and the grading system is the same as in lower secondary education. If they finish that successfully, they get the upper-secondary specialized school certificate and continue their education in PET colleges. Successful candidates earn the specialized baccalaureate (Fachmaturität/maturité spécialisée). University is the logical choice for the students with a Matura, while Fachhochschule or Höhere Fachschule is the choice of students with a VET certificate. In Switzerland, it’s the 26 cantons – not the federal government – who are responsible for their compulsory education system. State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation, Swiss Conference of Cantonal Ministers of Education, Swiss Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training SFIVET, Swiss Institute for Special Educational Needs. They call this Grundstufe or Basisstufe. Switzerland ranks ninth out of 65 countries and economies in the OECD/PISA 2012 survey of educational standards amongst 15-year-olds. Expatica uses technology such as cookies and scripts to personalize content and ads, provide social media features, and analyze our traffic. Here, two kindergarten years are included in a four-year ‘cycle 1’ or cycle primaire 1. That is where they get to learn skills in school and see how it is done through the first-hand experience in companies that provide apprenticeships and cross-company courses. A guide to special needs education in Switzerland, including the legal and financial needs of those with disabilities. The Swiss education system is characterised by a high degree of flexibility. The two countries to rank higher overall were Norway and Finland (Finland finishing in first). There are many ways to begin or to change to a different education programme. There, it’s optional for children to go to kindergarten from the age of three and then compulsory from the age of four, for two years. Switzerland's diverse and permeable education system in essence offers a choice between an academic or vocational education. Scholars, and those particularly from French, German and Italian-speaking backgrounds work right across the higher education system. Cantonal qualifications are valid across Switzerland. French-speaking cantons differ. VET programs can lead to a Federal VET certificate, a Federal VET diploma, or the Federal vocational baccalaureate (Berufsmaturität /maturité professionelle) which allows admission to universities of applied science. That’s when they are introduced to other languages and Swiss culture. Education is compulsory for all children and young people from 9 to 11 years. All students take an introductory course in economics and law, while philosophy is optional. A Baccalaureate school is the choice of ⅓ Swiss students. Which cookies and scripts are used and how they impact your visit is specified on the left. There’s a wide range of subjects offered to study at Swiss universities. The highest level, tertiary level education, is university level or higher education. Home schooling is uncommon in Switzerland. This attribute is done by diversifying the different directions a student can take once they’re done with their primary education. Click below to consent to the use of this technology on our website – and don’t worry, we respect your privacy. View the Dutch comparison of the most common diplomas from Switzerland, the duration of schooling, the type of education … Education in Switzerland: Here’s What You Need To Know, State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI). You may change your settings at any time. The primary responsibility for education lies with the 26 Cantons (states). Education. Primary school lasts eight years; however, only six of them are mandatory. Switzerland’s education ranking has regularly been among the top 100 worldwide when it comes to higher education. Around the age of six, children go to primary school. It has two terms or semesters and around 12 weeks of holiday per year. Similarly, the day to day structure of schooling might be different from one place to the next, making switching … Pre-school children attend kin- dergartens for one to two years. 1. Primary school days are shorter than secondary school days. If you’re moving to Switzerland with family, you’ll find an array of schools that cater to international families, including public, private, and international schools. However, schooling can vary across the country”, explains Daniel. Successful candidates earn the upper-secondary specialized school certificate and can go onto further study at PET colleges. Grades are from one to six with six being the best grade and one being insufficient. While most examples illustrating the Swiss system are taken from German-speaking Switzerland and the Greater Zurich Area, the content of this guide applies to Switzerland as a whole, including French-speaking cantons, Italian-speaking cantons and the Rumantsch areas of Graubünden. In most cantons, students get a graded report twice a year. Among those who choose vocational programmes, about 93% of them are enrolled in joint vocational programmes … Tertiary education is a continuation of the higher secondary education a student chooses. There are upper secondary specialized schools in 22 cantons, both canton and privately run. The Swiss education system Education in a multilingual and federalist country In Switzerland, education is government responsibility (cantonal and/or federal) from the beginning of compulsory education up to and including tertiary level (universities and professional education and training). However, there are agreements in place to coordinate the latter across the country. The admission age throughout Switzerland is six. The Swiss education system. Vocational education and training (VET) schools. Pupils usually enroll at baccalaureate schools in the last year of lower secondary education. The Swiss education system. There may also be end-of-year tests as well. The structure of the educational system starts with preschool education. There are VET programs for around 230 different professions. Like Switzerland itself, education has a multilingual focus. Hence what follows is just a generic summary. Your choices will not impact your visit. How well the child does at primary level determines the level the child goes to in the lower secondary level. Each canton sets its school calendar, curriculum, and criteria. At this level, children are not divided into achievement groups. Public schools are free of charge, and kids are not required to wear uniforms. Generally, pupils receive either an ungraded or graded school report twice a year at the end of each term. They also take tests at the end of the school year, where they get to test their gathered knowledge. This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience. They also have to present a baccalaureate essay. Nature. After three years (four in Ticino) lower secondary and compulsory education ends in Switzerland. Although the cantons administer the education system, a thing they all have in common is that they have this diversity. Upper secondary specialized schools provide specialized preparation for a career in healthcare, social work, and education. Lower secondary schools in Switzerland are called Gymnasiums or Kantonsschule. Compulsory Education: Education in Switzerland is compulsory for all who reside in the country, regardless of legal residency status. Switzerland is the go-to choice for many students looking to study internationally. Download the pdf with detailed information about the Swiss education system: Education system Switzerland (298.35 kB) Common diplomas of Switzerland. “This can make moving a child from a school in one canton to one in another quite difficult”, advises Daniel. Primary level, including two years of kindergarten or a first learning cycle, can last for eight years. You can enquire about your canton’s specific education requirements at one of the cantonal education departments. I feel very well informed about the education system in Switzerland. Higher education includes technical and vocational schools, as well as universities, spread across cantons such as Basel, Berne, Fribourg, Geneva, Neuchatel, Lausanne, Lugano, Zurich, Lucerne, and St Gallen. Other subjects like history, civic education, music, art and design, physical education and health, home economics, career guidance, and vocational preparation are also taught. Core subjects are: first national language, second national language and a third language (a third national language, English, Latin or Greek), mathematics, biology, chemistry, physics, history, geography and visual arts/music. After the students finish their lower secondary education, they can choose what kind of career they want to pursue. The basic structure of the Swiss education system is as follows: primary education – kindergarten or a first learning cycle; lower secondary education; upper secondary level education – vocational education and training (VET), baccalaureate schools and upper-secondary specialized schools; tertiary level education – professional training, university. Find out how to apply to a program at a Swiss university with Expatica’s guide to studying in Switzerland. Switzerland education system is one of the world’s most strict and meticulous protection for students, for more course detils kindly contact us They last from 2 to 4 years and allow the students to gain technical and practical knowledge. Students study core subjects and additional subjects related to the specific occupation. Here, pupils have a variety of abilities and come from a range of different backgrounds including, sometimes, linguistic backgrounds. Resources encompasses government and private sector expenditure on tertiary institutions and on research as a share of GDP. The children learn in the language of the region (German, French, Italian, or Romansh). Kindergarten aims to teach children social skills and basic mannerisms through play-based learning. “Some schools offer induction courses or intensive language courses to help students reach the standard required for them to join regular classes, or will receive language lessons alongside normal classes.” He adds that sometimes, the school might recommend that a pupil repeat a year in order to catch up. In fact, laws addressing it vary from canton … In Switzerland, lessons are in the language of the region: German, French, Italian, or Romansh. Switzerland’s education system is one of the most advanced in the world. Pupils who have overall average grades can progress to the next year of school. Switzerland offers highly-paid positions within academia. The overall education system in Switzerland is split into three categories: compulsory education, upper-secondary education and tertiary education, with higher education being concentrated completely at the tertiary … Compulsory Education Pre-school level (Kindergarten, 1 or 2 years) At least one year of kindergarten compulsory in 15 cantons, optional in 11 cantons Starting age: 4 years old Focus on social issues Training of pre-school teachers now at Universities of Teacher Education (B.A.) High school in Switzerland is not compulsory, and its structure is unique. The Italian-speaking canton Ticino also differs. Most students learn at a state school in the local area. The Swiss education system is decentralised and you can find the exact details for schooling in your area on the canton’s education department website. Lower secondary education usually lasts for three years except in Italian-speaking Ticino, when it lasts for four years. Children usually move onto lower secondary level at the age of 11 or 12 at a middle school called either a Gymnasium or Kantonsschule. Children aged four to eight years are in the same class. At the end of the program, students must take a test and present a baccalaureate essay. The system is well established and functional with delegated accountability and administration. The exact dates are set by the canton and can vary; you can find contact details for the education department in your canton here. The system is well established and functional with delegated accountability and administration. Secondary education in Switzerland is divided into two stages. Many of these courses also give them an opportunity to improve their knowledge of a national language. End, the combinations might differ s ) in Switzerland: here ’ s what need... 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