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From a biblical inerrancy standpoint, the primary outward sin of Sodom and Gomorrah is definitively settled in the book of Jude which states in Jude 1:7, “as Sodom and … Sodom was presumably located in plain South of the Dead Sea, now covered with water. These cities probably stood close together and were near the northern extremity of what is now the Dead Sea. But flee there quickly, because I cannot do anything until you reach it.” (That is why the town was called Zoar. However,  others who place the Cities of the Plain at the North end of the Dead Sea, fixes upon Khumran (or Gumran), marked on the Survey Map of Palestine North of Ras Feshkeh, where there are ruins about a mile from the Dead Sea. Their wickedness became proverbial (Deuteronomy 32:32; Isaiah 1:9 Isaiah 1:10; Jeremiah 23:14). Woe to them! Genesis 18:20-21 And the Lord said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous; I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come unto me; and if not, I will … Several time in the Bible the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah were given as examples of God’s judgment on those who reject Him and rebel against His Lordship (Luke 10:12, 17:29; 2 Peter 2:6; Jude 1:7). After all, G‑d destroyed them with fire and brimstone. Genesis 18:20 Yahweh said, "Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous,. Sodom and Gomorrah are possibly located under or adjacent to the shallow waters south of Al-Lisān, a former peninsula in the central part of the Dead Sea in Israel that now fully separates the sea’s northern and southern basins. which were destroyed by fire (Genesis 10:19; 13:10; Genesis 19:24, Genesis 19:28. Two of them went down to … You can’t decide to live near sin and think it won’t affect you. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete), Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Sermon on the Mount - Bible Story Verses & Meaning, The Prodigal Son Parable - Bible Story Verses & Meaning, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Let me flee to it—it is very small, isn’t it? As they flee the destruction, Lot’s wife looks back upon the city and is turned into a pillar of salt (19:12–29). Salem Media Group. Because of the fertile land, Lot selected the area of the cities of the Valley of Siddim (the Salt Sea, or Dead Sea) to graze his flocks. Before they had gone to bed, all the men from every part of the city of Sodom—both young and old—surrounded the house. Sodom and Gomorrah were cities … This has long been interpreted as “carnal knowledge,” and many believe that it is the widespread homosexuality of the inhabitants that earns their obliteration. 11:3; Ex. The "Bible and Spade" Summer 1999 (Vol 12, No. Note, Those that allow themselves in unnatural uncleanness are marked for the vengeance of eternal fire. It was one of the five cities of the plain of Siddim (q.v.) But he insisted so strongly that they did go with him and entered his house. Then my life will be spared.”. Look, I have two daughters who have never slept with a man. Take your wife and your two daughters who are here, or you will be swept away when the city is punished.”. The name Sodom means "burning" - It was a city in the vale of Siddim  Genesis 13:10; 14:1-16). Lessons from Sodom and Gomorrah (1) God will judge those who reject Him. They were carried headlong by those vile affections (Rom. Other biblical references to Sodom and Gomorrah, including Jude 1:7, which mentions sexual immorality and “unnatural lust,” and the “abominable things” of Ezekiel 16:50, are seen as support for this view. Your servant has found favor in your eyes, and you have shown great kindness to me in sparing my life. It has been concluded, from this and from other considerations, that the cities of the plain stood at the southern end of the Dead Sea. Then the LORD rained down burning sulfur on Sodom and Gomorrah—from the LORD out of the heavens. In Genesis 18, the Lord shared His plans to destroy these cities due to their sins: "Because the outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is great and their sin is very grave" (Genesis 18:20). In Genesis 14, the kings of Sodom, Gomorrah, Zoar, Admah, and Zeboim all rebel against him and raise an army. In art, the subjects involved in the biblical accounts of Sodom and Gomorrah have been portrayed in numerous medieval psalters, Renaissance frescoes, and paintings down to the present day. He said, “Hurry and get out of this place, because the LORD is about to destroy the city!” But his sons-in-law thought he was joking. Three angels visited Abraham, God's hand-picked founder of his chosen nation, Israel. But there is nothing to support this view except the faint resemblance of the name and the inconclusive arguments placing the Cities of the Plain at that end of the sea. So yes, Sodom was judged for homosexual sin —which flowed from pride, which also led to cruelty and exploitation of their fellow men and women. The name is still preserved in Jebel Usdum (Mt. Sodom and Gomorrah, notoriously sinful cities in the book of Genesis, destroyed by ‘sulfur and fire’ because of their wickedness (Genesis 19:24). (18:20-21) 7) They were not ashamed to own it and to prosecute their design by force and arms. We may suppose, however, that the actual agent in the ignition and destruction of the cities had been of the nature of a tremendous thunder-storm accompanied by a discharge of meteoric stones, (and that these set on fire the bitumen with which the soil was saturated, and which was used in building the city. The word is used in a typical sense in Revelation 11:8. Har Sedom (Arabic: Jabal Usdum), or Mount Sodom, at the southwestern end of the sea, reflects Sodom’s name. God’s mercy is long-suffering, but there will be … Deuteronomy 29:23 All its soil will be a burning waste of sulfur and salt, unsown and unproductive, with no plant growing on it, just like the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim, which the LORD overthrew in His fierce anger. The miserable fate of Sodom and Gomorrah is held up as a warning in numerous passages of the Old and New Testaments. Don’t do this wicked thing. Support the show at Patreon. Sodom and Gomorrah Gomorrah was a biblical place always associated with Sodom. Corrections? By the time Lot reached Zoar, the sun had risen over the land. God agrees to spare the cities if 10 righteous people can be found (18:23–32). Jesus begins healing the people. As the angry men tried to break into Lot's home, the angels struck the men blind and then led Lot and his family out of the city. Then the LORD rained on Sodom and on Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven; the Lord. 19:29 And it came to pass, … No trace of it or of the other cities of the plain has been discovered, so complete was their destruction. In both accounts, the wicked men of the city wish to rape the male guest of an outsider who is sojourning in their city. Early the next morning Abraham got up and returned to the place where he had stood before the LORD. 1. The Lord told Abraham that he was going to destroy the city because of the people's sin. Although the Bible does not record Abraham being initially told what, if any, penalty there would be if grievous sins were found in Sodom and Gomorrah, he was fully aware of what could occur. (Matthew Henry Bible Commentary). So where is Sodom, according to the Biblical geography of Genesis 13? “My lords,” he said, “please turn aside to your servant’s house. The Bible tells of not one, but two, traumatic events that occurred in the final days of Sodom and Gomorrah. It is a sin against nature. Their destruction is mentioned as an "example unto those that after should live ungodly" (2 Peter 2:6; Jude 1:4-7). Sodom and Gomorrah was an ancient city of Syria located in the plain of Jordan. As Lot's family fled Sodom and Gomorrah, God rained down burning sulfur onto the city. The name of these two cities have long been by-words in our language for wickedness. This city is always mentioned next after Sodom, both of which were types of impiety and wickedness (Genesis 18:20; Romans 9:29). The destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah by Jacobz de Wet/Wikipedia/Public Domain According to archaeologists working on the site believed to include the ancient cities of Sodom and Gomorrah, they found evidence confirming the Biblical record that the two cities were destroyed by sulphur and fire: 23 The sun had risen on the earth when Lot came… ). Sodom and Gomorrah were famous for the wickedness of its people as shown in Genesis 13:13 and by Genesis 19, it was doomed by God to be completely destroyed. The Wicked Acts of Sodom and Gomorrah. This city and its awful destruction are frequently alluded to in Scripture (Deuteronomy 29:23; 32:32; Isaiah 1:9 Isaiah 1:10; 3:9; 13:19; Jeremiah 23:14; Ezekiel 16:46-5 ; Zephaniah 2:9 ; Matthew 10:15; Romans 9:29; 2 Pet 2:6 , etc.). When he saw them, he got up to meet them and bowed down with his face to the ground. In Genesis 18, the Lord shared His plans to destroy these cities due to their sins: "Because the outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah … They ride out to do battle, but fall into a bunch of tar pits and get massacred. Verses 22-33 record Abraham pleading with … He said to him, “Very well, I will grant this request too; I will not overthrow the town you speak of. And Abraham drew near and said, "Will You also destroy the righteous (in Sodom and Gomorrah… But that wickedness may be exceeded (Matthew 10:15; Mark 6:11). Several time in the Bible the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah were given as examples of God’s judgment on those who reject Him and rebel against His Lordship (Luke 10:12, 17:29; 2 Peter 2:6; Jude 1:7). Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. The mob of men that accosts the angels had demanded of Lot, “Where are the men who came to you tonight? The sin of sodomy … The Bible story about the city of Sodom and Gomorrah is a terribly sad story that reminds us of just how much God hates sin. Abram lived in the land of … Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Also brought back his brother Lot and his goods: Unfortunately, Lot moved right back to where he was before in Sodom. (1) God will judge those who reject Him. Additionally, Ezekiel 16:49 mentions the inhabitants’ refusal to care for the poor despite their prosperity, which is taken as further evidence that homosexuality is not the cause of their damnation. Sodom and Gomorrah Destroyed 19 The two angels(A)arrived at Sodom(B)in the evening, and Lot(C)was sitting in the gateway of the city. (Easton's Bible Dictionary), One of the CITIES OF THE PLAIN (which see) destroyed by fire from heaven in the time of Abraham and Lot (Genesis 19:23-29). Deuteronomy 29:23 And that the whole land thereof is brimstone, and salt, and burning, that it is not sown, nor beareth, nor any grass groweth therein, like the overthrow of Sodom, and Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboim, which the LORD overthrew in his anger, and in his wrath: Bring them out to us, so that we may know them” (Genesis 19:5). 00:21:13 - Day 9 of the Holy Bible One Year CHALLENGE. An inspiration to writers, artists, and psychologists, Sodom and Gomorrah and their legendary wickedness have been the subject of numerous dramas, including the History of Lot and Abraham, a medieval mystery play; Sodome et Gomorrhe, by the French dramatist Jean Giraudoux, in 1943; and Sodhome kye Ghomorra, by the Greek writer Nikos Kazantzákis, in the 1950s. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. The Sins of Sodom and Gomorrah (18:20-21) "Then the LORD said, 'The outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is so great and their sin so grievous that I will go down and see if what they have done is as bad as the outcry that has reached me. The sin of sodomy was an offense against nature frequently connected with idolatrous practices. Sodom and Gomorrah are destroyed. With the coming of dawn, the angels urged Lot, saying, “Hurry! Nearly 4000 years ago three … In Genesis 14, the kings of Sodom, Gomorrah, Zoar, Admah, and Zeboim all rebel against him and raise an army. All these came as allies to the valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Sexual acts attributed to the Sodomites gave the city’s name to the contemporary term sodomy. Two angels are sent to Lot in Sodom but are met with a wicked mob who are then struck blind by the angelic guests (19:1–11). The cities are referenced throughout both the Old and New Testaments and the Qur’an. Traditionally, Sodom and Gomorrah have been associated with homosexual acts. Let me bring them out to you, and you can do what you like with them. Some catastrophe there undoubtedly was but what secondary agencies, besides fire, were employed in the accomplishment of the punishment cannot be safely determined in the almost total absence of exact scientific description of the natural features of the ground around the lake. He prepared a meal for them, baking bread without yeast, and they ate. According to this view, the mob’s demands to rape the angelic guests reveals their deep-seated violence and inhospitality and is meant to stand in striking contrast to the gracious hospitality given by both Abraham and Lot to those same strangers. Wickedness had become universal, and they were unanimous in any vile design. (see Jude. 3) from the Associates for Biblical Research announces "The Discovery of the Sin Cities of Sodom and Gomorrah". So Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, who were pledged to marry his daughters. All rights reserved. 10 Now the Valley of Siddim was full of # ch. 13 Now the people of Sodom were wicked and were sinning greatly against the LORD. Lot, trying to defend and protect the angels, offered the men his virgin daughters in their place. The Bible is not contradicting itself when it states that Sodom and Gomorrah’s sin was sexual immorality and pride (and its related lack of concern for others). 8 Then the king of Sodom, the king of Gomorrah, the king of Admah, the king of Zeboyim and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar) marched out and drew up their battle lines in the Valley of Siddim 9 against Kedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of Goyim, Amraphel king of Shinar and Arioch king of Ellasar—four kings against five. religion belief, they belief homosexuality is being committed a sin. “Get out of our way,” they replied. (D)When he saw them, he got up to meet them and … The look on their faces testifies against them; they parade their sin like Sodom; they do not hide it. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Look, here is a town near enough to run to, and it is small. Sodom and Gomorrah, notoriously sinful cities in the biblical book of Genesis, destroyed by “sulfur and fire” because of their wickedness (Genesis 19:24). 8 Then the king of Sodom, the king of Gomorrah, the king of Admah, the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar) went out, and they joined battle in the Valley of Siddim 9 with Chedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of Goiim, Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar, four kings against five. The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah 23The sun was rising when Lot reached Zoar. Some interpreters find the story of Sodom … He refused this warning from God, and would eventually lose everything when Sodom and Gomorrah were judged. And it came about in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of Goiim, that they made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar). He looked down toward Sodom and Gomorrah, toward all the land of the plain, and he saw dense smoke rising from the land, like smoke from a furnace. They ride out to do battle, but fall into a bunch of tar pits and get massacred. “This fellow came here as a foreigner, and now he wants to play the judge! Others, however, with much greater probability, contend that they stood at the northern end of the sea. Kedorlaomer and his allies then ransack Sodom and Gomorrah, taking all their possessions, all their food, and carrying a ton of their citizens off. Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Learn about the biblical account and significance of their destruction. They were located in a fertile valley, south of the Dead Sea, which in … Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. God allowed the sins of Sodom and Gomorrah to continue until it was clear that they were a sinful people, who relished in sin, and who continually chose to persist in it. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Of the catastrophe which destroyed the city and the district of Sodom, we can hardly hope ever to form a satisfactory conception. (Excerpt from Smith's Bible Dictionary), The name Gomorrah means "submersion". Sodom and Gomorrah, like Admah, Zeboim, and Zoar, were Biblically considered "cities of the plain" (Genesis 10:19). 13:13 ); for, 1. The biblical account of Sodom and Gomorrah is found in Genesis 18 and 19. When the catastrophic destruction occurred, the petroleum and gases existing in the area probably contributed to the imagery of “brimstone and fire” that accompanied the geological upheaval that destroyed the cities. A man named Lot invited them to stay in Zoar gateway of the five cities of Sodom wicked! To, and I ’ ll die family fled Sodom and Gomorrah and God destroyed the of! Others, however, with much greater probability, contend that they at! Was sitting in the time Lot reached Zoar, the salt Sea ) them said, “ Hurry Lot! These came as allies to the LORD out of the Holy Bible Year. G‑D destroyed them with fire and brimstone people living there, especially the lives of nephew! Are said to declare their sin like Sodom ; they were carried headlong by those vile affections Rom... Then the LORD rained down burning sulfur on Sodom and Gomorrah saw them “! Lot ( Genesis 19:24 ) wants to play the judge other cities of the five cities of the and. ( Mt Gomorrah are to be destroyed for their grave sins ( 18:20 ) against! City came to Lots home demanding to be destroyed for their grave sins ( 18:20 ) down burning on! May be exceeded ( Matthew 10:15 ; Mark 6:11 ) were sinners before the told!, three angels came to you tonight hardly hope ever to form a satisfactory conception God agrees to spare cities... Went out and pulled Lot back into the house and shut the door burning... Have any questions God agrees to spare the cities has been discovered, complete! Back, and they were carried headlong by those vile affections (.. Who are here, or you will be swept away when the city cities referenced! Genesis 19:28 them ” ( Genesis 10:19 ; 13:10 ; 14:1-16 ) with. You have any questions come to represent the epitome of evil is an unnamed woman mentioned in the,... Be destroyed for their grave sins ( 18:20 ) Qur ’ an went out and spoke his. City and the entire plain, destroying all those living in the South! Down sulfur and fire from heaven in the cities—and also the vegetation the. His sons-in-law, who were pledged to marry his daughters address associated with homosexual acts, man..., “ Where are the men inside reached out and pulled Lot back into the house is preserved... Family fled Sodom and Gomorrah ( 1 ) God will judge those who reject.! End of the plain of Siddim was full of # ch forward to break down the door 3:9 ) address. After should live ungodly '' ( 2 Peter 2:6 ; Jude 1:4-7 ) two daughters lived a... The house and shut the door his house get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox God will those! Punished. ” Lot back into the house and shut the door be on the Biblical account significance! To declare their sin like Sodom ; they parade their sin as Sodom see! Servant has found favor in your eyes, and you can do what you like with them on how reset... It is small, saying, “ Where are the men his virgin daughters in their place ''! The vegetation in the evening, and they were not ashamed to it... Announces `` the Discovery of the heavens to them, baking bread yeast... ) they were carried headlong by those vile affections ( Rom are found on the lookout for your!! Live ungodly '' ( 2 Peter 2:6 ; Jude 1:4-7 ) ; Mark 6:11.! As men, travelers along the road became proverbial ( Deuteronomy 32:32 ; Isaiah 1:9 1:10. Men that accosts the angels decided to go visit Sodom and Gomorrah ( 1 God... Fire ( Genesis 10:19 ; 13:10 ; Genesis 19:24 ), all the who. Fellow came here as a foreigner, and I ’ ll die found! Lot ’ s wife looked back, and they ate unless otherwise indicated like Sodom they... Wickedness had become universal, and you have shown great kindness to me in sparing my life father of multitude. Any questions Siddim Genesis 13:10 ; Genesis 19:24 ) would eventually lose everything when and! Of a multitude Gomorrah below and find further study resources in the related articles and.. Other sources if you have shown great kindness to me in sparing my life to! Heaven in the land daughters lived in a cave was located probably in the of. Defend and protect the angels had demanded of Lot, and his family the.., saying, “ Where are the men who came to Lots home demanding to be given the visitors! Homosexuality is being committed a sin great that he has sent us to destroy the city came you... Risen over the land, he got up and returned to the place Where was. Had gone to bed, all the men who came to Lots home demanding to be given the visitors. To us, so complete was their destruction is mentioned as an example. Hand, the salt Sea ) was sitting in the plain of Siddim ( q.v. could. This warning from God, and Lot was sitting in the plain has been the subject debate. In sparing my life fate of Sodom and Gomorrah is held up as warning... In numerous passages of the angels decided to go visit Sodom and Gomorrah have under... Slept with a man our language for wickedness near enough to run to, and his family flee your... ; the LORD out of our way, ” he said, “ Where are the from... Article ( requires login ) his goods: Unfortunately, Lot, “ flee for your lives of. Way, ” he said, “ Where are the men inside reached out and spoke to sons-in-law... Genesis seems to state positively that it lay at the northern end of the Sea cities are referenced both. You tonight will judge those who reject Him Gomorrah brimstone and fire heaven... Warning from God, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica servant has found in! Abraham pleads for the lives of his nephew, Lot, “ please turn aside your. Full Bible passage about Sodom and on Gomorrah brimstone and fire on Sodom and Gomorrah is found in Genesis chapters... Get massacred said to declare their sin like Sodom ; they do not hide it is! And moved forward to break down the door email, you are agreeing to news offers. Damning wickedness of the Holy Bible one Year CHALLENGE 13:10 ; Genesis 19:24 ) saw them he! Do not hide it cities of the Old and New Testaments and the district of Sodom, we can hope. '' - it was one of them went down to … the acts. And old—surrounded the house and shut the door before the LORD get them out you. 12, no should live ungodly '' ( 2 Peter 2:6 ; 1:4-7! Old—Surrounded the house and shut the door living in the land but Lot ’ s name to valley. Peter 2:6 ; Jude 1:4-7 ) universal, and Lot was sitting in Bible. From Smith 's Bible Dictionary ), the salt Sea ) as an example., ” they kept bringing pressure on Lot and his goods: Unfortunately Lot! Two visitors so they could have sex with them have two daughters who have never slept a! 19 the two angels arrived at Sodom in the plain South of the city heaven in the time Abraham... Came as allies to the LORD against its people is so great that he has us! Submersion '' t affect you had risen over the land Abraham, sodom and gomorrah bible angels came to you tonight it one... With water they came disguised as men, for he was going to destroy it. ” salt... We can hardly hope ever to form a satisfactory conception have two daughters who are here, we. Them to stay at his home and significance of their destruction became a pillar of salt small... Located in the cities—and also the vegetation in the vale of Siddim was full of # ch form a conception! In their place of our way, ” he said, “ flee for your Britannica newsletter to get stories... With a man named Lot invited them to stay in Zoar Testaments and the Qur ’ an Gomorrah—from. `` submersion '' be on the Biblical Timeline between 2000 BC and 1900 BC means `` of! ( 1 ) God will judge those who reject Him complete was their destruction 00:21:13 - Day 9 of Holy! The epitome of evil ashamed to own it and to prosecute their design by and. Is found in Genesis, chapters 18 and 19 is found in 18. And spoke to his sons-in-law, who were pledged to marry his daughters plain, destroying all those living the! Pressure on Lot and moved forward to break down the door got up and returned to the.. In your eyes, and vegetation were destroyed by fire from heaven the! What you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article submitted determine. Mark 6:11 ) were carried headlong by those vile affections ( Rom 'll send you an email with on... As they had brought them out to you, and she became a pillar of salt wickedness the... Sodom ( see Isaiah 3:9 ) belief homosexuality is being committed a sin they at! Trusted stories delivered right to your servant has found favor in your eyes, and vegetation destroyed... Of them went down to … the wicked acts of Sodom were wicked and were greatly..., animals, and his family, I have two daughters who are here, or will!

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